Professor Doctor Roman
Wojtusiak was born in 1906 . He was a biologist at the Jagiellonian
University in Cracow. His studies centred on underwater Biology in the
Baltic Sea and the Adriatic Sea. In 1935 and in need of a diving helmet
to study the biology of the sea bottom he built this open water helmet
to use during his observations. Open water helmets were not used in
Europe and he was one of the first European scientist to use such
equipment. A front and back weight were secured to the helmet to counter
the positive buoyancy of the large volume helmet..
Above are pictures of the
helmet built by Professor Wojusiak and used by him and his team from
1936 until 1987 (with some breaks).
The Historic Diving Society
Poland built the replica shown above using modern materials such as
stainless steel, silicone etc…
The helmet was used during
their annual Retro-Divers meeting at the Mazurien Lake District which is
located in the North East of Poland at the end of September 2007.
Also seen here was a Russian
3 bolt helmet in use at the same time as the replica Wojtusiak helmet.
All photos and
information thanks to Wieslaw Wachowski HDS Poland